The quantitative importance of U.S. protection of the domestic clothing industry is best explained by the fact that
A) this industry is an important employer of highly skilled labor.
B) this industry is an important employer of low skilled labor.
C) most of the exporters of clothing into the U.S. are poor countries.
D) this industry is a politically well-organized sector in the U.S.
E) the technology involved is very advanced.
It may be demonstrated that any protectionist policy, which effectively shifts real resources to import competing industries or sectors will harm export industries or sectors. This may, for example, happen by the strengthening U.S. dollar in the foreign exchange market. Would you propose therefore that export industries lobby against protectionism in International Trade Commission proceedings? What of consumer advocates? Discuss the pros and the problems of such a suggestion.
The simple model of competition among political parties long used by political scientists tends to lead to the practical solution of selecting the
A) optimal tariff.
B) prohibitive tariff.
C) zero (free-trade) tariff.
D) the tariff rate favored by the median voter.
E) the tariff rate supported by exporters.
The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and the World Trade Organization have resulted in
A) termination of export subsidies applied to manufactured goods.
B) termination of import tariffs applied to manufactures.
C) termination of import tariffs applied to agricultural commodities.
D) termination of international theft of copyrights.
E) a number of rounds of multilateral trade agreements.