Which theory best explains why "sensation seekers" are motivated to engage in risky recreational behaviors such as mountain climbing?
A) instinct theory
B) drive-reduction theory
C) hierarchy of needs theory
D) arousal theory
The arousal theory of motivation would be most useful for explaining an infant's urge to
The arousal theory of motivation would be most helpful for explaining why
A) recreational skydivers jump out of airplanes.
B) hungry fishermen venture across dangerous ocean waters.
C) starving prisoners are preoccupied with thoughts of food.
D) sexually active teens learn to practice effective birth control.
The desire to avoid stress is to ________ theory as the desire to avoid boredom is to ________ theory.