The United States Produces More Services Than Goods
The United States produces more services than goods.
When I buy an $8.00 movie ticket rather than two paperback books, the opportunity cost of going to the movie is the two paperback books I did not buy.
Suppose you plan to go to school this summer. The cost of tuition and textbooks is $1,400 and housing, board, and entertainment will cost you $500. If you didn't go to school, you'd live in your parents' house for free, but your other living expenses would be about the same. Also, if you didn't go to school you'd work full time and could earn $8,000. You can still work part time while attending the summer school, but you will earn only $3,000. a) What will the summer school cost you in terms of money explicitly paid? b) What are the opportunity costs of going to summer school that you don't pay explicitly? Explain. c) What is your total opportunity costs of going to school this summer? Explain your answer.
Jane is deciding whether to go to school for 8 weeks this summer. The cost of tuition and textbooks is $1,700 and housing and other expenses will cost her $600. If she does not go to school, she will live in her parents' house for free and they will cover her food and other expenses for her. Also, if Jane does not go to summer school she could work fulltime. But the best job she can get pays only $600 per week, and Jane would only agree to give up her free time for no less than $750 per week. However, if she goes to summer school, she'll have to spend 40 hours a week attending classes and studying. a) What will the summer school cost Jane in terms of money spent? b) What are the opportunity costs of going to summer school that Jane does not pay explicitly? Explain. c) What is Jane's total opportunity cost of going to school this summer? Explain your answer. d) Suppose that if Jane does not go to summer school, she will eventually take the classes anyway. What is Jane's marginal benefit of going to summer school? e) Suppose Jane decides to go to school in the summer. Explain her decision using the concepts of marginal cost and marginal benefit.